The National Institute of Science and Technology Policy of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology analyzed objective and quantitative data on science and technology activities in the world's major countries. The results showed a clear stagnation, with the number of people taking leave peaking in fiscal 3 and continuing to decline.
According to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology's National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, the survey analyzed the situation in major countries around the world using about 170 indicators, including R&D expenditure and the number of R&D personnel.
As a result, Japan maintained its third place in terms of R&D spending and number of R&D personnel after the United States and China, but its growth rate was smaller than that of other countries. The number of patent applications filed in two or more countries was number one in the world, but its global share has continued to decline since the mid-3s.
The number of papers remained flat, falling from 4th to 5th in the world rankings.The number of papers with high attention dropped from 10th to 12th, and the number of top 1% corrected papers dropped from 9th to 10th.
While the number of doctoral degree holders in the United States, China, and South Korea has doubled since the early 2000s, the number in Japan has been steadily declining since peaking in 2006.The trade balance ratio of the high-tech industry ranked 6th, but there was an excess of imports.The trade balance ratio of the medium high-tech industry remained at the top in the world, but the gradual decline has not stopped.
reference:[National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology] "Science and Technology Indicators 2022"