A survey by the National Center for Students with Disabilities revealed that the number of universities that allow students with disabilities to take the entrance exams is decreasing for all types of disabilities. The survey was conducted from July to December 2023 at 7 universities and 12 colleges nationwide. Responses were obtained from 810% of the survey subjects and compiled.

 According to the National Support Center for Students with Disabilities, in the previous survey (2022), there were 299 universities where students with disabilities were enrolled. The total number of students enrolled exceeds 1, and the average number of students with disabilities per university is 4,000. This time (1), there are 47.2 universities where students with disabilities are enrolled. The total number of students enrolled has exceeded 2023, and the average number of students with disabilities per university has increased to 307.

 The survey found that 43% of people allowed to take the entrance exam were visually impaired, 45% were hearing impaired, 48% were physically disabled, 49% were developmentally disabled, 46% were mentally disabled, 46% were internally disabled, and 36% were intellectually disabled.

 Compared to the 2017 survey, visual impairments have decreased by 4 points, hearing impairments by 10 points, physical disabilities by 9 points, developmental disabilities by 15 points, mental disabilities by 15 points, internal disabilities by 8 points, and intellectual disabilities by 13 points, and the downward trend continues year by year.

 The number of universities that have not yet determined how to deal with the situation is increasing, accounting for more than 7% of all seven types of disabilities. Among them, the overwhelmingly common reason was ``to be considered after prior consultation,'' accounting for 50% to 48% of reasons for undecided measures for each type of disability.

 Preliminary consultations are held before it has been decided whether a student will be allowed to take the test, and the purpose of this is to consider how much consideration the university can give during or after the entrance exam, and if the university determines that it is difficult to accommodate the student, the student will not be allowed to take the test. Four schools for visual impairments and two schools each for hearing impairments, physical disabilities, and developmental disabilities responded that they would not accept applicants even if they passed the exam.

reference:[National Center for Supporting Students with Disabilities] Results of the "Survey on the Acceptance of Students with Disabilities at Universities 2023" (Summary of the Examination Section) (PDF)

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