On July 15, the University of Tokyo announced the subjects and subjects for the 2025 (Reiwa 20) entrance examination, and the subjects and ranges of subjects such as national language, mathematics, geological history and civics, etc. in the individual examination of the University of Tokyo in the entrance examination for the new course were clarified. Did.Some subjects were as expected, while others were slightly different from the initial forecast.Prior to this, Osaka University, which was announced on May 22th, University of Tsukuba, which was announced on July 16nd, and Hokkaido University, which was announced on September 2022th. Although it was seen as a thing, at present, it seems that the move to public announcement is slow, especially at leading private universities (as of October 10, 11).It is thought that they are being cautious, including transitional measures for past students.Certainly, some subjects and subjects at universities that have already been announced have settings that do not seem to recognize the current state of high school enrollment.I would like to expect sufficient consideration from the universities under consideration, which will be announced in the future.

 

 

Publication is progressing at national and public universities, but many private universities are under consideration

The 2025 entrance examination, which will be the first university entrance examination after the revision of the high school curriculum guidelines, will be a so-called new course entrance examination.Current first-year high school students will be the first target year for the new course entrance examinations, and the public announcement of subjects and subjects for each university is progressing, mainly at national and public universities.Kawaijuku's university entrance examination information site, Kei-net, contains a collection of links to information on the publication status of each university.

New Course Entrance Examination Links to university publications
https://www.keinet.ne.jp/exam/2025/anouncement/index.html

Looking at this, it can be seen that although national and public universities are making progress in their own way, most leading private universities, especially those with a large number of applicants, are still in a state of non-disclosure.According to the notification of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, it will be announced in 2022, so if it is announced by the end of March 2023, it is according to the rule.

However, although national and public universities have announced the subjects and subjects required in the common university entrance examination, there are still many universities that have yet to introduce subjects and subjects for individual examinations.I think it's because each university is considering it carefully.In general, the subjects and subjects required in the current entrance examination are simply replaced with the subjects and subjects of the new curriculum. Students of previous years will also take the exam.From the standpoint of fairness, such consideration and transitional measures for examinees are essential, so universities must be cautious.

 

Looking at the subjects and scope of the exams of leading universities that have already been announced...

There are several points in the subjects and subjects to be asked in the new course entrance examination.The most notable is the treatment of the newly established subject "Information I", but it has been decided that it will be included in the standardized university entrance examination, and it has also been decided that it will be a compulsory examination for national universities in principle. increase.However, it seems that there are almost no universities, including private universities, that ask questions on individual exams.Since the subject "Information" is a minor subject as an examination subject in the first place, here we will look at the situation of leading universities that are likely to influence the subjects and subjects of other universities regarding Japanese language, mathematics, and geological history. table>.Gakushuin University is one of the few private universities that publishes details, so it is included in the table.

First is the national language.In the Common Test for University Admissions, the compulsory subjects "Modern Japanese Language" and "Language and Culture" are set as subjects.Therefore, most universities make it a subject.In addition, since many high schools are planning to take ``Inquiry into the Classics'', universities that want to require ancient literature and Chinese literature as entrance examination subjects will make it a subject."Logical Japanese" and "Literature Japanese" have been attracting attention, but many universities have both subjects as exam subjects.Considering the university entrance examination, the high school recognized that it was necessary to set up both subjects, but due to restrictions on the number of class hours, at first you could only take either ``Logical Japanese'' or ``Literary Japanese''. was seen as a thing.

 

 

In reality, some high schools prepare a timetable that allows students to take both subjects by reducing the number of credits (number of class hours) from the standard number of credits, so it can be said that high schools are well prepared for entrance examinations.However, there are quite a few high schools that do not plan to take ``literature and Japanese language'', so from the perspective of those high schools, I would like the university to understand the current situation of high schools more.Also, depending on the university, all Japanese language subjects are set as exam subjects, but even if there are high schools that set up all subjects as electives, in reality there is no high school that takes all subjects.From that point of view, the fact that Osaka University only has "Modern Japanese Language" and "Language and Culture" as exam subjects is a clear message to examinees.

 

Differences can be seen in the range of mathematics B in "statistical inference"

 Mathematics is divided into so-called arts-related mathematics and science-related mathematics.Most universities have replaced current subjects with new curriculum subjects, but there are differences among universities in whether mathematics B "statistical inference" is included in the scope of questions.

 

 

 In the common university entrance exam, "Mathematics A" covers "the properties of figures, the number of cases and probabilities"."Mathematics B" is "Sequences, Statistical Inference", and "Mathematics C" is "Vectors, Curves on Planes and Complex Number Planes". You will be asked to choose and answer XNUMX questions.For this reason, many of the students taking liberal arts mathematics exams are expected to select questions from "Mathematics B" to "Sequences and Statistical Inference" and from "Mathematics C" to "Vectors".In that respect, it is a common practice to include "statistical inference" in the "Mathematics B" section of the individual exam.The issue for universities there is how difficult it should be to compose "statistical inference" entrance exam questions.Therefore, if you do not have confidence in writing the questions, it is expected that some universities will not actually ask questions even if they are included in the scope of the questions.

 In addition, there are universities that consider "Mathematics A" as a "full range", but there are probably few high schools that take the full range. "Mathematics A" consists of three units: "Properties of Figures, Number of Cases and Probabilities, Mathematics and Human Activities". ” is not seen in most high schools.For that reason, I get the impression that the "all range" imposition is a bit far from the reality of high school.

 

Whether comprehensive history or comprehensive geography will be included in the exam

For Chihiki Komin, the point is whether or not the newly established subjects "History Comprehensive" and "Geography Comprehensive" will be included in the exams.In the Common Test for University Entrance, the subjects of "Geography and History" are "Comprehensive History, Research into Japanese History," "Comprehensive History, Research into World History," and "Comprehensive Geography, Research into Geography."In addition, the subjects of "Citizens" are "Public, Ethics" and "Public, Politics/Economics."

 

 

For this reason, it is likely that more universities will set the geohistory subjects as "Comprehensive History, Research into Japanese History," "Comprehensive History, Research into World History," and "Comprehensive Geography, Research into Geography."However, what is important here is consideration for past students such as high school graduates.Of course, students in previous years did not study the new curriculum subjects of "General History," "General Geography," and "Public Affairs" in high school.unknown subject.I'm just worried that a subject I haven't taken will be asked as a compulsory exam subject.In the common university entrance exam, subjects that students have taken in previous years (Japanese history B, world history B, geography B, etc.) will be prepared as separate questions.In addition, if the average score difference with the new course subject is more than a certain amount, we will make maximum consideration such as adjusting the score.However, there are almost no universities that can handle that much on an individual basis.In that respect, the fact that the University of Tokyo and the University of Tsukuba do not set "Comprehensive History" or "Comprehensive Geography" as subjects is a very thoughtful course for students of previous years.

In fact, the most important point in setting the entrance examination subject is whether or not it is possible to compose questions at your own university.

 

 

Satoru Kobe (educational journalist)

Education journalist / KEI Advanced, Inc. Consulting Department member
/ University Entrance Examination Writer / Researcher
After joining Kawaijuku Educational School in 1985, he has been engaged in collecting and disseminating university entrance examination information for over XNUMX years, and is also in charge of editing the monthly magazine "Guideline".
After retiring from Kawaijuku in 2007, he has been engaged in entrance examination work such as pass / fail judgment and entrance examination system design at a university in Tokyo, and is also in charge of student recruitment and public relations work.
After retiring from university in 2015, he worked as a writer and editor for Asahi Shimbun Publishing "University Ranking" and Kawaijuku "Guideline", and contributed to Nihon Keizai Shimbun and Mainichi Shimbun media.After that, after working at the National Research and Development Agency, he has been providing consulting to support various university issues since 2016. Since KEI Advance is a Kawaijuku Group, it is possible to conduct simulations and market trend surveys using a huge amount of entrance examination data, so it is diverse regardless of the installer, such as future plans / medium-term plan formulation, new faculty establishment, and support for entrance examination system design. Many requests are received every day.
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