For the 2023 entrance examination, the general selection and school recommendation selection are almost finished, and the general selection will finally begin.Various media analyzes that the popularity of difficult universities is high due to the increasing willingness of examinees to take on challenges.The number of confirmed applicants for the common university entrance exam announced the other day decreased by about XNUMX from last year, and the competition for entrance exams is heading towards easing.It is only natural for students to aim for “one step above”.On the other hand, there are some universities that have stopped recruiting students without reorganizing or establishing new faculties.

 

 

The number of active applicants for the common university entrance examination decreased by XNUMX

The number of confirmed applicants for the 12 University Entrance Common Test (hereafter, the Common Test) announced by the University Entrance Examination Center on December 2023 has decreased by approximately 18 from the previous year. As the 18-year-old population continues to decline, the decline is taken for granted.Of the number of people who have decreased, the number of active students decreased by 45.1. The XNUMX-year-old population is decreasing by XNUMX people, so if we multiply that decrease by the XNUMX% rate of current students applying for the Common Test for University Admissions, we get XNUMX people, which is an even greater decrease.As rumored, there is no doubt that examinees, especially private university applicants, are moving away from standardized tests.A decrease in the number of applicants for the standardized test will lead to a decrease in the number of applicants for national and public universities, and will also affect the decrease in the number of applicants for the standardized test system at private universities.

Regarding the situation of private universities, Kawaijuku's university entrance examination information site Kei-Net "Analysis of Entrance Examination Trends Overview of Entrance Examinations for 2023" contains interesting data.The source is from the survey results of the Japan Private School Promotion and Mutual Aid Corporation, but the graph shows the changes in the pass rate and yield rate by size of private universities over the past four years.The result can be summed up in one word: “a more difficult environment for a small university.” From 2019 to 2022 entrance exams, the pass rate of private universities is rising, but the yield rate is declining. The 2022 entrance examination pass rate is 57% for small universities (capacity less than 44), 36% for medium-sized universities (capacity less than 2023), and XNUMX for large universities (capacity XNUMX or more). %is.Small universities generally have a high pass rate, partly due to the high ratio of comprehensive selection and school recommendation selection among applicants and enrolled students.At large universities, the ratio of general selection is high, and the pass rate is low, with more than XNUMX% of applicants failing to pass.It is safe to say that a difficult private university that is popular with students is a large-scale university. It seems that this difficult university will be popular in the XNUMX entrance examination.

Kawaijuku University Entrance Examination Information Site Kei-Net
Entrance Examination Trend Analysis 2023 Entrance Exam Overview
https://www.keinet.ne.jp/exam/2023/overview/outline.html

 

Difficult universities are popular in both national and public universities and private universities

In the above-mentioned "Analysis of Entrance Examination Trends: Overview of Entrance Examinations for 2023", it is analyzed that both national and public universities and private universities have a clear desire to take on the challenge of challenging universities.In the Tokyo metropolitan area, popular universities such as Hitotsubashi University, Yokohama National University, Aoyama Gakuin University, Sophia University, and Waseda University have changed their entrance examination systems.The examinee's gaze is probably looking at "one level above".In addition, medical schools and veterinary schools are popular among undergraduate schools, and private medical universities are becoming more popular in all regions nationwide.The popularity of veterinary medicine has continued for about three years, but since the number of universities that have established veterinary departments and departments through national, public and private universities is limited, it is unlikely that the degree of difficulty will decrease.

What is attracting attention in the undergraduate system is that it is analyzed that the aspirations of female applicants are suitable for science, engineering, and agriculture.This spring, in the 2022 entrance examination, many women's universities across the country have greatly reduced the number of applicants for the general selection. It was also taken up by some media as a phenomenon of "women's college away" phenomenon.However, in general, women's colleges have a high ratio of students enrolled in the so-called year-end entrance examination due to comprehensive selection and school recommendation selection. No wonder the numbers are declining.However, when we looked at the number of students enrolled in the year-end entrance exams at major women's colleges nationwide, we found that the number had declined across the board.Apparently, I can't help but think that the situation has changed.It can be said that this is related to the aspiration trends of the above-mentioned undergraduate system.Many women's universities have traditionally consisted of humanities departments and life sciences departments.However, in recent years, both of these strains have become unpopular with both men and women.This is a headwind for universities, but it can be said to be a tailwind for students who want to study in these fields.

 

 

Three faculties suspend enrollment at small private universities

Some private universities have stopped recruiting students as the already popular large universities are gaining more popularity.However, even if we say that we will stop recruiting students, if it is a scrap and build process such as establishing a new department or reorganizing, it can be said to be a positive stop.However, the suspension of student recruitment indicates the difficult situation in which the private university in question is placed.I am a little hesitant to list the names of the relevant universities, but if you are interested, please check Kawaijuku's university entrance examination information site Kei-Net "2023 private university entrance examination changes" to see the changes of each university. "Recruitment suspension" is listed as "Changes" for private universities.Some of these universities are located in the suburbs of large cities, so they are not located in areas with extremely few applicants, but they are all small private institutions with a capacity of less than XNUMX students. University.

At the same time, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology's university subcommittee's university promotion subcommittee is discussing "development of a system for student protection." The expression "improvement of a system to protect students" gives a soft impression, but in short, it means "thinking in advance about a system that will not cause problems for current students and alumni due to bankruptcy of the university."The points of contention are “what educational corporations (universities) should do to avoid bankruptcy,” “what educational corporations (universities) should do when bankruptcies are unavoidable,” measures to be taken by universities,” “measures to be taken by the government, etc. to protect students in the event of bankruptcy,” and “examination of procedures and handling of withdrawn or bankrupt universities.”

However, regarding the universities that will stop recruiting students next year, we are only suspending recruitment for one of the multiple faculties, so the university will not disappear.It can be said that this is a demonstration of the pride of university people in that they stop recruiting students while they still have the resources and take responsibility to support current students until they graduate.

Kawaijuku University Entrance Examination Information Site Kei-Net
2023 Private University Entrance Exam Changes
https://www.keinet.ne.jp/exam/future/

 

Satoru Kobe (educational journalist)

Education journalist / KEI Advanced, Inc. Consulting Department member
/ University Entrance Examination Writer / Researcher
After joining Kawaijuku Educational School in 1985, he has been engaged in collecting and disseminating university entrance examination information for over XNUMX years, and is also in charge of editing the monthly magazine "Guideline".
After retiring from Kawaijuku in 2007, he has been engaged in entrance examination work such as pass / fail judgment and entrance examination system design at a university in Tokyo, and is also in charge of student recruitment and public relations work.
After retiring from university in 2015, he worked as a writer and editor for Asahi Shimbun Publishing "University Ranking" and Kawaijuku "Guideline", and contributed to Nihon Keizai Shimbun and Mainichi Shimbun media.After that, after working at the National Research and Development Agency, he has been providing consulting to support various university issues since 2016. Since KEI Advance is a Kawaijuku Group, it is possible to conduct simulations and market trend surveys using a huge amount of entrance examination data, so it is diverse regardless of the installer, such as future plans / medium-term plan formulation, new faculty establishment, and support for entrance examination system design. Many requests are received every day.
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